Katholisch Leben!

The Jesus Brothers

Jesus kommt wieder!!

2 Peter 3

2 Peter 3

King James Version (KJV)

3 This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance:

2 That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:

3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,

4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.

5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:

6 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:

7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

11 Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness,

12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?

13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

14 Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.

15 And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;

16 As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

17 Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.

18 But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.


Was hat Parusie mit Eucharistie zu tun?

Das griechische Wort Parusie wird auch mit "Gegenwart" übersetzt. Und diese Gegenwart Jesu finden wir in jeder Messe während der Eucharistie - die bereits eine liturgische Form der Parusie darstellt und das endgültige "zweite Kommen Jesu" bereits jetzt gegenwärtig macht - ebenso wie das Königreich Gottes jetzt schon angebrochen ist, aber noch auf seine letzte Vollendung wartet.

Die Frage ist nun: Wird mich Jesus mit genügend Glauben antreffen - nicht nur, wenn Er einst wieder kommt, sondern bereits hier und jetzt (etwa während der "Parusie" in der Heiligen Messe)?

(Quelle: u.a. Prof. Dr. Scott Hahn)

 

The Parousia: Christ's Second Coming

Catholic Christians have always believed that Jesus Christ would come back to close the current period of human history in earth. The time when Jesus will return is given many names: the Day of the Lord, the Parousia, the end time, and the Second Coming of Christ.

The Bible describes the events of Jesus' return in apocalyptic images.

Mk 13:26-27
And then they will see 'the Son of Man coming in the clouds' with great power and glory, and then he will send out the angels and gather (his) elect from the four winds, from the end of the earth to the end of the sky.
Mt 16:27
For the Son of Man will come with his angels in his Father's glory, and then he will repay everyone according to his conduct.
Acts 1:11
They (two men dressed in white) said, "Men of Galilee, why are you standing there looking at the sky? This Jesus who has been taken up from you into heaven will return in the same way as you have seen him going into heaven."
1 Thess 4:16-18
For the Lord himself, with a word of command, with the voice of an archangel and with the trumpet of God, will come down from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Thus we shall always be with the Lord. Therefore, console one another with these words.

The parousia will be unmistakable because it will be accompanied by unprecedented signs.

Mt 24:27
For just as lightning comes from the east and is seen as far as the west, so will the coming of the Son of Man be.

Some signs are general events concerning the evangelization of the world.

Mt 24:14
And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached throughout the world as a witness to all nations, and then the end will come.

Other signs are more proximate. Mark (Chapter 13), Matthew (Chapter 24), and Luke (Chapter 21) all describe the unmistakable signs with apocalyptic images.

2 Tim 4:1-2
I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingly power: proclaim the word ...
2 Tim 3:1-5
But understand this: there will be terrifying times in the last days. People will be self-centered and lovers of money, proud, haughty, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, irreligious, callous, implacable, slanderous, licentious, brutal, hating what is good, traitors, reckless, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God, as they make a pretense of religion but deny its power. Reject them.

No one knows exactly when this will occur.

Mk 13:32
(Jesus began his discourse ...) "But of that day or hour, no one knows, neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father."
1 Thess 5:2
For you yourselves know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief at night.
2 Pet 3:10
But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, and then the heavens will pass away with a mighty roar and the elements will be dissolved by fire, and the earth and everything done on it will be found out.

The Catholic Church teaches that we should avoid pointless speculations about the time, the details of the signs, the nature of the difficulties, etc. The Church focuses instead on the need for living the Gospel so as to be prepared for the parousia whenever it happens.

Mk 13:33,35-37
(Jesus began his discourse ...) "Be watchful! Be alert! You do not know when the time will come. ... Watch, therefore; you do not know when the lord of the house is coming, whether in the evening, or at midnight, or at cockcrow, or in the morning. May he not come suddenly and find you sleeping. What I say to you, I say to all: 'Watch!'"
1 Pet 1:13-16
Therefore, gird up the loins of your mind, live soberly, and set your hopes completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ. Like obedient children, do not act in compliance with the desires of your former ignorance but, as he who called you is holy, be holy yourselves in every aspect of your conduct, for it is written, "Be holy because I (am) holy."

Millennialism: A Thousand Year Reign

There exists among many Evangelical Protestants a dogma based on some passages in the Bible called millennialism which means a "thousand year reign." The basis for millennialism is found in the Book of Revelation.

Rev 20:1-15
Then I saw an angel come down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the abyss and a heavy chain. He seized the dragon, the ancient serpent, which is the Devil or Satan, and tied it up for a thousand years and threw it into the abyss, which he locked over it and sealed, so that it could no longer lead the nations astray until the thousand years are completed. After this, it is to be released for a short time. Then I saw thrones; those who sat on them were entrusted with judgment. I also saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, and who had not worshipped the beast or its image nor had accepted its mark on their foreheads or hands. They came to life and they reigned with Christ for a thousand years. The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were over. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is the one who shares in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over these; they will be priests of God and of Christ, and they will reign with him for (the) thousand years. When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison. He will go out to deceive the nations at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea. They invaded the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the holy ones and the beloved city. But fire came down from heaven and consumed them. The Devil who had led them astray was thrown into the pool of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet were. There they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. Next I saw a large white throne and the one who was sitting on it. The earth and the sky fled from his presence and there was no place for them. I saw the dead, the great and the lowly, standing before the throne, and scrolls were opened. Then another scroll was opened, the book of life. The dead were judged according to their deeds, by what was written in the scrolls. The sea gave up its dead; then Death and Hades gave up their dead. All the dead were judged according to their deeds. Then Death and Hades were thrown into the pool of fire. (This pool of fire is the second death. ) Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the pool of fire.

The Magisterium of the Church has never commented on a thousand year reign of Christ. Rather, as is already clear from what is covered in these notes, the Church does not see the Second Coming of Christ at any other time than at the general judgment of all men and women which is the same as the resurrection of the dead followed by definitive reward or punishment for souls.

The Church interprets the expression "a thousand years" not literally but according to the literature in which it appears--prophetic and apocalyptic. In apocalyptic literature, a thousand years would simply indicate a long period of time, in this case, the time period before the Second Coming of Christ. Apocalyptic literature is not to be taken literally.

(Quelle: http://romanticcatholic.com/apologetics.html - used with permission)

 

1000-jähriges Reich?

Es gibt Christen, die das in der Offenbarung beschriebene 1000-jährige Reich wörtlich nehmen, also genau so, wie es dort steht. Es gibt hierbei nur ein Problem: Bibellesen ist nicht dasselbe wie Bibelstudium - und nicht umsonst warnt uns die Bibel davor, einfach Bibelverse nach eigenem Gutdünken auszulegen, ohne Führung durch den Leib Christi - die Kirche.


Was sagt die Katholische Kirche also hierzu?


Vom 1000-jährigen Reich (dem “Millenium”) lesen wir in der Offenbarung, wo es heisst, dass Satan 1000 Jahre lang in Ketten gelegt wird (Offb 20,1-3). Während dieser Zeit werden christliche Märtyrer mit Jesus Christus herrschen (Offb 20,4-6). Nach diesen 1000 Jahren wird Satan dann wieder befreit und darf gegen die Heiligen Gottes Krieg führen (Offb 20,7-9). Anschließend wird es dann die allgemeine Auferstehung geben (Offb 20,5) sowie die endgültige Vernichtung Satans (Offb 20,10) und schließlich das Jüngste Gericht, das über die Lebenden und die Toten abgehalten wird (Offb 20,1-15).

 

Die katholische Exegese hat seit den Zeiten des Hl. Augustus und des Hl. Jerome dieses 1000-jährige Reich als einen symbolischen Hinweis auf das Alter der Kirche gesehen, also den Zeitraum zwischen dem ersten und zweiten Kommen Jesu (also Seiner Zeit auf Erden und Seiner endgültigen Wiederkunft irgendwann in der Zukunft). Zuvor gab es Theologen und Geistliche, die man “Chiliasten” nannte (vom griechischen Wort chilioi, was 1000 bedeutet). Sie glaubten daran, dass Jesus zurückkehren wuerde, um eine 1000-jährige Herrschaft zu beginnen. Eine Art goldenes Zeitalter, wo die Welt von Frieden und Wohlstand erfüllt sein würde. Und manch einer glaubt das noch heute.

 

Die Katholische Kirche hat hierzu noch nicht offiziell Stellung genommen. 1944 wurde aber offiziell entschieden, dass der Millenarismus, also die Hoffnung auf ein künftiges Königreich auf Erden, nicht als christliche Doktrin gelehrt werden kann.

 

Lesen wir hierzu den Katechismus der Katholischen Kirche, Artikel 676:

 

“Dieser gegen Christus gerichtete Betrug zeichnet sich auf der Welt jedesmal ab, wenn man vorgibt, schon innerhalb der Geschichte die messianische Hoffnung zu erfüllen, die nur nachgeschichtlich durch das eschatologische Gericht zu ihrem Ziel gelangen kann. Die Kirche hat diese Verfälschung des künftigen Reiches, selbst in ihrer gemäßigten Spielart, unter dem Namen “Millenarismus” zurückgewiesen, vor allem aber die “zuinnerst verkehrte”politische Form des säkularisierten Messianisum.”

 

(Quellen: Libreria Editrice Vaticana Katechismus der Katholischen Kirche. R. Oldenburg Verlag, München, 1993. Dr. Scott Hahn, Catholic Bible Dictionary. Doubleday Religion, Doubleday Inc, New York 2008. Go and get these books!)

 

 

In the Creed we read: "He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty, from there He shall come to judge the living and the dead." At what time does this judging occur? Directly after death or at a later time?

There is a particular judgment at the moment of death, and there will be a general judgment at the end of time. The particular judgment is more like the kind of courtroom judgment we think of when we hear the word “judgment” - a determining of guilt or innocence.

At the moment of our death, we will be judged and our eternal destination - Heaven or Hell - will be decided. As it says in Hebrews 9:27, “...it is appointed for men to die once, and after that comes judgment.” We can see particular judgments for Lazarus and the Rich Man after their deaths (Luke 16:22-23). Paul laments how he would prefer to leave his body and be with Christ rather than stay here on earth (2 Cor 5:8; Phil 1:21-23), implying a particular judgment at the moment of death. We also see Scripture speak of the spirits of the just who have been made perfect and are already in Heaven (Heb 12:23), again implying a particular judgment after death.

However, the word "judgment" is often used to mean "vindication" or "defense." The general judgment, or Last Judgment, will not be so much one of deciding guilt or innocence - Heaven or Hell - as it is a judgment of the triumph of good over evil. Judgment in this sense would mean a vindication more than a courtroom style judgment. So, the Last Judgment is the final vindication of good over evil - the final and complete victory of good over evil that takes place at the Second Coming of Christ at the end of time.

At the Last Judgment the workings of God’s plan in salvation history, and every individuals role in that plan - for good or for evil - will be revealed to all (Catechism #677-679). Luke 12:2-3, “Nothing is covered up that will not be revealed, or hidden that will not be known. Whatever you have said in the dark shall be heard in the light, and what you have whispered in private rooms shall be proclaimed upon the rooftops.”

(Source: Bible Christian Society / John Martignoni. http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute. Used with permission)

Prepare Yourself for the Coming of Christ – Fr. Lou Caporiccio

Links National

Wikipedia: Parusie

 

Links International

Zenit: On St. Paul and the Second Coming

Catholic Answers: Will Christ Soon Return - Part 1

Catholic Answers: Will Christ Soon Return - Part 2

 



A 1000-year reign? Click here for more infos on the "millenium":

Catholic Answers: What is the millenium?
Catholic Answers: Quick Questions
Catholic Answers: Rev 20,1-10?
Catholic Answers: Rapture
Catholic Answers: Rapture II
Catholic Answers: Stumpers for Jehovah's Witnesses
Catholic Answers: False Profit
Catholic Answers: History of the Jehovah's Witnesses
Catholic Answers: Pastor Russell
Catholic Answers: Seventh-Day Adventism
Catholic Answers: Seventh-Day Adventism II


Resources

Igmatius Press: Revelation: The Second Coming (DVD)



The Eucharist & the Second Coming (DVD) - Episode 44

When Jesus Christ returns in glory, what will our relationship with Him be like? When the Second Coming happens, what will our reaction be? Join Michael Voris as he explains that we can gain a foretaste of the triumphant return of Jesus through the greatest gift He ever left us, His own flesh and blood in the Eucharist.

 

Peter's prophecy and a global flood

AirMaria.com: Dec 02 - Homily: First and Second Coming of Christ with Mary

Isaiah 53 A Guilt Offering   

Dr. Scott Hahn: The Hour Is Coming