kathpedia.com: Die Gaben des Heiligen Geistes
Die Sieben Gaben des Heiligen Geistes sind begründet in Jes 11,2:
Der Geist des Herrn lässt sich nieder auf ihm: der Geist der Weisheit und der Einsicht, der Geist des Rates und der Stärke, der Geist der Erkenntnis und der Gottesfurcht.
Der Prophet Jesaja erwähnt sechs Geistesgaben: die Weisheit und fünf weitere Gaben, welche die einzelnen Befähigungen aufzählen, welche die Weisheit mitteilt. Dass aus der Sechszahl beim Propheten Jesaja die Siebenzahl in der Liturgie geworden ist, hängt mit der Septuaginta-Übersetzung zusammen: die Übersetzer wollten die religiöse Haltung, welche im hebräischen Wort yir'áh (Angst, Schauern) liegt durch zwei verschiedene Wörter veranschaulichen: Furcht und Frömmigkeit.
Die Sieben Gaben des Heiligen Geistes sind besondere Gnadengaben, die der Heilige Geist bei der Rechtfertigung in der Seele wirkt. Diese Gaben gehören für die Römisch-Katholische Kirche zu den Formeln der katholischen Lehre und sind:
Die Gabe des Verstandes (oder Erkenntnis) gibt Licht, göttliche Dinge zu erforschen und zu verstehen trotz der Schwerfälligkeit und Trägheit unseres Verstandes. Sie ist ein besonderes Licht zu tiefer Durchdringung der Gegenstände, die sich dem Verstande darbieten. Diese Gabe gehöret zur Tugend des Glaubens.
Die Gabe der Weisheit verleiht der Seele einen gewissen Geschmack, durch den sie Göttliches und Menschliches ohne Täuschung unterscheidet und jedem seinen Wert beilegt, im Gegensatz zu dem Geschmack, der von der menschlichen Torheit und Unwissenheit stammt. Sie bewirkt, dass wir in allem nach dem Vollkommensten streben. Diese Gabe gehört zur Tugend der Liebe.
Die Gabe des Verstandes braucht die Gabe der Stärke, damit sie entschlossen alles ausführt, was der Verstand als das Vollkommenste erkannt hat. Die Schwierigkeiten oder Hindernisse werden durch die Stärke überwunden, indem die Seele sich lieber jeder Anstrengung und Mühe unterzieht, als dass sie sich des wahren und höchsten Gutes berauben ließe. Sie verbannt die ungeregelte Furcht und stärkt die Schwäche. Sie gehört zur gleichnamigen Tugend (des Starkmutes),
Die Gabe des Rates leitet auf dem rechten Weg und hält die menschliche Voreiligkeit zurück. Sie ist gegen die Unklugheit gerichtet und gehört zur Tugend der Klugheit. Sie wählt die angemessensten Mittel zum Guten.
Die Gabe der Wissenschaft erteilt dem Menschen das nötige Licht, um ein Gut von dem andern zu unterscheiden; sie lehrt das, was gewisser und sicherer ist, erwählen. Sie dringt in das Dunkelste ein und macht vollkommene Lehrmeister. Sie richtet sich gegen die Unwissenheit. Diese Gabe gehört zur Tugend des Glaubens.
Die Gabe der Frömmigkeit macht das Herz milde und sanft, benimmt ihm die Härte und schützt es vor Gottvergessenheit und Gefühllosigkeit. Sie macht die Seele mit sanfter Gewalt zu allem geneigt, was zum Dienste Gottes und zum geistlichen Wohle des Nächsten gehört, und zwar so, dass man es aus einem heiligen, vollkommenen und tugendhaften Beweggrunde tut. Sie gehört zur Tugend der Gottesverehrung
Die Gabe der Furcht des Herrn bewahrt und besiegelt sämtliche Gaben. Sie bewegt das Herz, alles zu fliehen, was unvollkommen und vermessen ist und mit der Tugend nicht übereinstimmt. Sie ist der Seele eine Art Schutzmauer. Die wahre, heilige Furcht hindert die Seele nicht, die Wohltaten des Allerhöchsten sehr wohl zu kennen. Im Gegenteil, sie führt sie dahin, Gott aus allen Kräften dafür zu danken und sich selbst auf liebliche Weise bis in den Staub zu verdemütigen im Gegensatz zur Hoffart. Sie bezieht sich auf die Demut
Maria von Jesus zu Agreda, Leben der jungfräulichen Gottesmutter Maria, Buch II, 13; Buch VII, 4+5.
Teresia Renata de Spiritu Sancto, Von den Gaben und Früchten des Heiligen Geistes, Herder Verlag Freiburg 1951 (Imprimatur Freiburg im Breisgau 2. März 1951 Burger Generalvikar).
Rudolf Graber, Die Gaben des Heiligen Geistes, Verlag Friedrich Pustet Regensburg 1936 (Imprimatur Ratisbonae, die 3. Februarii 1936 Dr. Höchst Vic. Gen.).
P. L. Lécuru, Die 7 Gaben des Heiligen Geistes, (142 Seiten) Parvis-Verlag.
The Trouble With Tongues Acts Chpt. 2 & 1 Cor. 14
As a review, why do you think it is necessary that we have order in different functions?
Give examples of places where it is needful to have order and leadership & why.
In these two chapters today we will look at the purpose of the use of tongues, how they came to be, apply the rules governing the use of tongues & understand the work of the H.S. in the believer.
Read Acts 2
Review Acts 2
What is the day of Pentecost? Acts 2:1
The term Pentecost means 50. This term is found only in the N.T. (Acts 2:1; 20:16; 1 Cor. 16:8)
Festival is first mentioned in Ex. 23:16 as the feast of harvest & Ex. 34:22 where we are also told verse 23 Three times a year all your men are to appear before the Sovereign LORD, the God of Israel. New International Version (©1984)
Also this feast is mentioned of in Num. 28:26 called the Feast of Weeks.
The Passover Feast began on the 16 day of the month of Nisan.
Nisan - known as the month of flowers, (Neh. 2:1) - is the 1rst month of the Jewish sacred year.
The word Nisan is derived from the Assyrian word Abib meaning beginning.
The month of Nisan is mentioned in Ex. 13:4 as Abib & Ex. 2:15,
This is the 1rst of the Jewish ecclesiastical year & the 7th of the civil year.
It began about the time of the veral equinox on the 21st of March.
It became known as Nisan after their captivity mentioned in Neh. 2:1.
On the 15 day of the month, harvest was begun by gathering a sheaf of barley, which was offered to the Lord (Lev. 23:4-11) Feats of Israel mentioned in (Lev. 23:4-11).
This was an annual Jewish feast, celebrated 50 days after the Passover. Lev. 23:15-22
Many Jews were gathered together from many countries for this festival. Acts 2:5
Pentecost was a feast of the grain of harvest, an offering to God commemorating His deliverance of the people out of Egypt.
That is why the first verse says, And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. (Acts 2:1. King James Bible)
Acts 2:2-4 What happened next was the beginning of many signs & wonders, which was promised by Jesus, Luke 24:49: Act 1:4-5.
A sound like that of a rush wind v:2 and tongues of fire descended upon them & the disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit.
What does it mean that they were Filled with the Spirit?
It is important to know here that there is a difference between Being Filled with the Spirit & Being Baptized with the Spirit.
Since Pentecost, the Holy Spirit performs a special work in every believer at the very moment that one believes & accepts the gospel message of Christ.
At this time, simultaneously the Holy Spirit regenerates the believer (making him a new babe in Christ beginning the work of transformation) & baptizes the believer into the body of Christ (in union with every believer 1Cor. 12:13) & with Christ Himself (Rom. 6:3-6).
The Holy Spirit also dwells perpetually within every believer (John 14:17; Rom. 8:9-14; 1 Cor. 6:19,20).
And at the same time the Holy Spirit seals permanently every believer for the day of redemption. Eph. 4:30, this verse is talking about Eternal security, once saved always saved. (Heb. 9: 11,12; John 3:16; John 6:40; John 1:12; 4:14; 3:36; 5:11; 6:47,51; 11:25; 6:27; 10:27,28; Rom 6:8; 5:17,21; 6:22; 2:7; 4:17; 1 Cor. 15:53,5455; 2 Cor. 5:1; Eph 6:8; Mat. 19:16,29; 25:46;Gal. 6:8; 1Tim. 6:12,19; 1:16; 2 Tim. 2:11; 1:10; 5:11-13,20 1 John 2:25; 3:15; Titus 1:2; 3:7; Jude 1:21; Rev. 1:18; Ps. 22:26; 37:18; 23:6; 49:15).
In addition the believer is commanded to be filled with the Spirit.
There is an implication that we are filled with the Spirit under conditions, or not filled under conditions.
Eph. 4:30 tells us: And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. (King James Bible)
The implication when we look at these two verses together is that if we are walking uprightly, pleasing God, we are filled with the Spirit, & the reverse of course is also true, if we are not walking uprightly pleasing God, then we are not filled with the Holy Spirit.
This is not to say that He leaves us completely, but rather that when we are pleasing God the Holy Spirit is having His way with us, & the believer is fulfilling his role in Gods plan at the time.
Therefore in order to be filled with the Spirit one must confess sins. 1 John 1:9
The H.S. cannot work in a life, which condones and is living in sin.
One must yield his life completely to the H.S. in all areas of your life.
By letting the Word of the Lord dwell in you, you are allowing the H.S. to abide in you because when you read, study & obey, you are walking according to Gods Word. Col 3:16, Eph. 5:19.
We must no longer live our own lives, but live a life for Christ, not for ourselves. Ga. 2:20
Give yourself wholly to the H.S.
One whom is occupied with Christ rather than self is filled with the H.S.
How do you know that you are filled with the H.S?
You will be happy and joyous.
Things will be going smoothly.
Circumstances will click miraculously.
You know that God is with you, you can feel His presence.
What was different here, which is not the normal for most believers upon being saved in regard to the relationship between the believer & the H.S?
There is a somewhat difference here in regard to the apostles here being filled with the Spirit.
Yes, they were baptized into the body of Christ & with Christ, they were regenerated long ago by belief, & they were indwelt by the H.S.
But there was also something different here; something unusual which is not the norm.
When the tongue of fire descended upon them, they began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. (Acts 2:4. King James Bible)
This verse is immediately explained in the following verses. V:5-12
Many Jewish men v:5 were gathered together because of the feast from many different countries with many different languages.
And each one present heard their own language being spoken by men whom were Galileans (v:7), who did not know or speak other languages up to this point.
Remember now that there were about 120 men (disciples) with Peter. Acts 1:15 who had the tongues of fire descend upon them & whom began to speak in different languages.
Therefore it is not inconceivable that all the languages being heard were being represented by the speakers.
We have a list of the many different language peoples given in verses 9-11.
We have the possibility of there being about 16 different languages being spoken here.
Were these men speaking in a strange language, which were not discernable to those present?
No, they were speaking known languages, which were understood by those whom heard them.
This is consistent with the Word of God. God is not a God of confusion, but of order.
Unlike in some circles today where many are speaking at one time unknown language which nobody present understands and also where often than not, there is nobody present to interpret what is being spoken.
Thus speaking in tongues in this manner is futile, serving no purpose other than to make the one speaking appear to be more Holier than thou.
And what were they speaking about?
v:11 gives us the answer plainly.
They were speaking about the works of God.
How again is it that they were able to speak in tongue?
The H.S. enabled them to be able to do so on this special occasion.
Last week we examined some scripture references, New & Old Testament, which showed us that the H.S. gave special powers to people on special occasions, for special purposes, to do a special work for God.
Here again is the same scenario.
The H.S. gave these certain men special abilities to perform a special work for God.
What was that special job?
They speaking about the wonderful works of God. V: 11 (King James Bible) in foreign languages to devout Jews (5) from many nations.
We are not told specifically what they were speaking about. Some speculate they were preaching the gospel, which they may have been. But the main reason that this particular incident occurred was that it was a sign to Israel.
If we take what Paul says in 1 Cor. 14:21,22 we see that indeed tongues were for a SIGN to unbelievers.
Peter later, in the 2nd chpt. of Acts proclaims the gospel message v:14-36.
So we can likely conclude that they were not preaching the gospel, for why would Peter do so directly after those speaking in tongue?
No whatever they spoke it was for a sign to the unbelievers.
This is not to say that these men did not use their special gift of tongues to proclaim the gospel message. I am sure they did, but maybe, not necessarily at Pentecost.
The sign was the power of the H.S. performing a special work on these men.
The sign was that, these men were given special gifts to perform a special task to prove the truth of God, His power, His presence, His awesome works.
Remember how in the time of Christ that the Jews demanded proof that He was whom He claimed to be. But He refused, because we are to receive the truth HOW? By faith.
Although He certainly did perform many miracles in which they still did not believe that He was whom He claimed to be.
Signs were allowed, but only on special occasions.
The sign was a special inspiration given to the 120 + men.
Peter however prophesied, taught the gospel message and it was because of the combination of the special outpouring of the H.S. by way of speaking in tongues, many other signs & wonders & because of the gospel message itself that many were saved added to the body of Christ v:41-47.
The next few verses tell how they were amazed & others accused them of being drunk.
In verse 14 & 15 Peter defends them saying that they were not drunk at all and quoted directly a prophecy from Joel 2:28-32 telling how a time would come when some of the followers of Christ would perform signs and wonders and speak in tongues.
This was to precede the destruction of Jerusalem, which in fact did happen in 70 A.D.
This prophecy was fulfilled that day at Pentecost.
Read 1 Cor. 14
In this chapter Paul concludes his discussion on spiritual gifts and gives the rules on how the gifts of both prophecy and tongues should be used in the church.
What was the problem in the church regarding the spiritual gifts in Corinth?
After having become Christians, the people at Corinth had received many spiritual gifts.
Many of them had the gifts of prophecy and tongues while others were given the gifts of apostles, teachers, miracles, healing, helps, administrations, as well as the gifts of knowledge, wisdom, faith, interpretation etc.
Because some had the gift of speaking in tongue, they thought that they were better spiritually gifted than the others and were full of pride.
They belittled those who had according to them the lesser gifts. And they also spoke in the church tongues while those hearing could not understand what they were talking about. So their special gift of tongues benefited no one, but themselves.
What was Pauls answer regarding this problem in chapters 12 & 13?
Paul said that there are indeed many gifts, but none are particularly more important than any other.
He gave the illustration of the human body saying that though there are many parts to the body, not one part is more important than any other part. Nor can any one part work properly without the association of all the other parts. All parts of the body are equally needed in order for the entire body to function correctly.
Thus it is for the body of Christ. There are many in the body, each given a gift by the H.S. Each member of the church is to use his or her special gift for the benefit of the whole church. If one member suffers, then they all suffer. If one member is unable to perform their function, then the entire body feels the absence of that one member.
We are all required to work together as a team to function as a whole for the benefit of the whole church.
We are not to be jealous of anothers spiritual gift nor desire to have another other than what was given by the H.S.
Paul also expressed to the people that these gifts were given to back up their claims, to confirm the message taught.
All these gifts given were needed to help begin the early church. Each gift was need for the purpose of proclaiming the Good News, the Gospel of Christ.
Paul also prophesied that a time would come when several of these special gifts would cease. They would no longer be needed.
They would no longer be needed because the world would have the completed Bible that we have today.
The completed Bible would have the full revelation from God that He wanted us to have, which up to that time they did not have.
Special gifts like tongues would no longer be needed because most of the educated world would have Gods written Word in the own language.
From that time forward there has been no new revelation from God.
Those who claim to have had new revelation from God are fooling themselves & are deceived.
Any man claiming to have a new revelation is to be accursed & he hath not God.
Gal. 1:7,8; 2 John 9 King James Bible
Now in Chapter 14 Paul goes on to further explain the purpose of the speaking in tongues and the proper governance in doing so in the local assembly.
He begins by telling us that we should pursue spiritual gifts, but especially the gift of prophecy. Again prophecy here is more than the telling of future events.
In this context it is the revealing of Gods Word, His works, etc. by inspiration.
By inspiration I mean that as all other gifts, the ability to reveal things of God was done so by the outpouring of the H.S. on men for the purpose of teaching, edifying and building up of the church.
In the next few verses Paul explains the differences between the speaking in tongues and the gift of prophecy. V:1-5
One whom speaks in tongues, which others do not understand without interpretation, does so for his own good, not for the good of the body and is speaking only to God.
But one who prophesies, (teaches) does so for the good of the body of Christ. In so doing the body is edified, exhorted, & built up.
What is meant by these words?
To edify is to confirm the believer in the faith of the gospel by adding to their knowledge.
In other words they are learning spiritual truths
When you read, study & pray you are edified, built up in the knowledge of the Lord & grow closer to Him.
And to exhort is to warn or advise strongly.
To build up would be to encourage by the Word taught.
So what is it like to speak in tongues if there is no one to interpret what is being said?
In verses 6-9 Paul here gives an illustration of what it is like to speak in tongue if there is no one to understand or no one to interpret what is being said.
He gives the comparison of musical instruments or the trumpet for the purpose of calling an army to war.
If the sounds made in either case are not intelligible like that of a bag pipe player whom does not know how to play it, it would serve no useful or profitable purpose other than to discourage those hearing it or to hurt the ears.
In verse 9 he talks about the use of our physical tongue in order to speak. -If all that comes out of the mouth is garble, it to serves no purpose. Therefore any message spoken in any language needs to be understood to be of any value.
In verse 10 Paul uses another illustration in that of the sounds that animals use in communication.
All the sounds that animals make have a purpose.
Some are for the purpose of mating, some for warning of danger, some for feeding.
Again each sound carries with it a significant meaning.
Without these sounds, animals would not be able to communicate with each other and their lives would be havoc.
In verse 11 Paul uses yet one more illustration.
If you try talking to me in Japanese, Chinese or any other language other than my mother language, it would be absolutely pointless.
There would be no sense for a China man to try to communicate to a Frenchman in his own language.
In conclusion then in regard to the use of spiritual gifts, Paul says to earnestly seek for gifts, which edify and build up the church such as prophesying and teaching. V:12-17
Paul does not discourage the use of tongues, but if you do speak in tongue he says to make sure that there is an interpreter so that those hearing will understand & thus be edified. V:13-19
In verse 20 Paul is telling the Corinthians to not be like children in regard to the use of tongues. That is they are not to delight in the fact that they can wow others with this special gift. This is not a gift of amusement, but of purpose.
What then is the purpose of the gift of Tongues?
Again it is plainly stated, tongues are for a sign, for unbelieving Jews. V:22 (Mark 16:17)
Paul refers to a prophecy found in Isaiah 28:11, 12 in 1 Cor. 14:21.
The historical setting in this passage in Isaiah is that at that time the northern tribe was in captivity by the Assyrians & the southern tribe soon also would be taken captive.
At that time God spoke to His people through the Assyrian language.
At that time His people would not listen to Him & again here we shall see the Jews would not listen.
Remember that these signs were for the Jews & not for the Gentiles.
We see this in 1 Cor 1:22 where it is written,For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom." (King James Bible)
We know that the signs were not for the body of Christ (church) because true believers do not need a sign.
Because believers walk by faith, not by sight. 2 Cor 5:7 King James Bible
What then? If the gift of tongues was intended for unbelieving Jews only, how is this confirmed in scripture?
We have three separate instances of speaking in tongue recorded in Acts which reveal that the speaking in tongues was for a sign to unbelieving Jews.
The first is at Pentecost.
When a great crowd gathered together upon hearing the disciples speaking in tongue, Peter preached to them.
Remember these were all Jews from various countries gathered for the feast.
These people were all confounded because each one heard these disciples speaking in their own language. Acts 2:6
The speaking in tongue was given as a sign to confirm (authenticate) Peters message, that it was from God.
2ndly in Acts 10 we have recorded that those in the house of Cornelius spoke with tongues.
The Jews up to that point refused to believe that the gift of salvation was also for Gentiles and they to would receive the indwelling of the H.S.
The speaking of tongues was a sign to them to confirm the fact.
3rdly in Acts 19 Paul met up with 12 Jewish men whom had been received the baptism of John, which is the water baptism.
They had not received the H.S. at that time as spoken in Matt. 3:11
Evidently they didnt know about Christs completed work of redemption nor of the coming of the H.S.
Paul baptized them in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ Acts 19:5 and they immediately spoke with tongue and prophesied v:6 & then went into the synagogue and preached the kingdom of God for three months.
This was done to authenticate the message of salvation through Jesus Christ as well as a sign to the Jews in the synagogue.
Was the use of the gift of the tongues also a sign to the unbelieving Jews at Corinth?
We read in Acts 18:1 After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth.
& v:5 Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews [that] Jesus [was] Christ. King James Bible
But you read in the following verse that the Jews opposed, refused the gospel and blasphemed.
So God confirmed it.
God confirmed it with the sign of tongues spoken by the believers at Corinth.
Therefore we can see that in each case that tongues were used, it was for a sign to Jews who were present in each and every case.
This is in complete harmony with Pauls statements that the gift of tongues during the apostolic age was as a sign to the Jews that the Gospel was true.
It is safe to say then that the gift of tongues was sovereignly bestowed upon Early Church believers, enabling them to speak in languages in which that have previously never been known to confirm the message of the apostles to unbelieving Jews.
Several evidences exist to show that this was only a temporary gift, confined to the apostolic age.
And this was to precede the completed revelation of the Bible.
1) the fulfillment of Joels prophecy by the three occurrences in Acts.
2) Jesus prediction that these signs would follow those who believed the message of he apostles
3) the direct statement in Hebrews that it was confirmed unto us by them that heard [him]; God also bearing [them] witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to his own will?
Heb 2:3-4 King James Bible
Other evidences that the gift of tongues has ceased are one that Paul himself said that tongues "shall cease 1 Cor. 13:8
There are only the three occurrences of the use of tongues in Acts & once in Corinth.
There is no other reference to tongue in any other epistle.
Throughout the rest of church history there are no recorded evidences of it.
To confirm also that the gift of tongues was not for all believers, even in the apostolic age, Paul asks several rhetorical questions in 1 Cor. 12:29-30 in which the obvious answer is no.
One of those questions was Do all speak in tongues? No
Finally Paul lists the regulations for the use of tongues.
What are they? 26-40
Tongues were a sign for unbelievers & prophecy is not for unbelievers but for believers. V:22
Tongues were to be used for the edification of the church. V:26
No more than three people were to speak in tongues during a service, and each was to speak in turn. V:27
There was to be no speaking in tongues unless they were interpreted. V:28
Any confusion or disorder in the assembly was an indication of something that did not originate from God. V:v:33
Tongues were not forbidden, but the predominant command was to seek earnestly the gift of prophecy. V:39
The confusion & disorder hat had become prevalent in the church at Corinth was an indication that their undue emphasis on tongues was not from God.
The fact that all the rules governing the gifts of tongues in Corinth were not being followed was an indication that perhaps the gifts were not real at all and may have been originating from demons.
Those today who do not obey these rules yet contend to believe that they have the gift of tongues are likely deceived and again are likely being led by demons.
Nowhere in scripture are Christian today exhorted to desire the gift of tongues or to seek after it.
Instead the commandments we have written clearly in scripture are quite the opposite.
On the contrary the clear command is to earnestly desire the greater gifts.
For one to engage in the seeking after the gift of tongues is to be in the same error as were the people in Corinth.
One must be careful to not go after emotional experiences or other spiritual experiences, which do not have any Biblical foundation.
To do so is to open oneself up to satanic influence & doctrine of demons.
Christians who fall prey to false teachings allow their emotions to come under the influence of practices that cannot be substantiated by the Word of God, place themselves on dangerous ground.
We are commanded, "Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God" 1 John 4:1 (King James Version)